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The Larger Catechism Ė Questions 131-140



Q. 131. What are the duties of equals?

A. The duties of equals are, to regard the dignity and worth of each othera, in giving honour to go one before anotherb; and to rejoice in each others gifts and advancement, as their ownc.


a 1 Pet.2:17 b Rom.12:10 c Rom.12:15,16; Phil.2:3,4



Q. 132. What are the sins of equals?

A. The sins of equals are, besides the neglect of the duties equireda, the undervaluing of the worthb, envying the giftsc, grieving at the advancement or prosperity one of anotherd; and usurping pre-eminence one over anothere.


a Rom.13:8 b 2 Tim.3:3 c Acts 7:9; Gal.5:26 d Num.12:2; Esth.6:12,13 e 3 John 9; Luke 22:24



Q. 133. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment, the more to enforce it?

A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment, in these words, That thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth theea, is an express promise of long life and prosperity, as far as it shall serve for God's glory and their own good, to all such as keep this commandmentb.


a Exod.20:12 b Deut.5:16; 1 Kings 8:25; Eph.6:2,3



Q. 134. Which is the sixth commandment?

A. The sixth commandment is, Thou shalt not killa.


a Exod.20:13



Q. 135. What are the duties required in the sixth commandment?

A. The duties required in the sixth commandment are, all careful studies, and lawful endeavours, to preserve the life of ourselvesa and othersb by resisting all thoughts and purposesc, subduing all passionsd, and avoiding all occasionse, temptationsf, and practices, which tend to the unjust taking away the life of anyg; by just defence thereof against violenceh, patient bearing of the hand of Godi, quietness of mindk, cheerfulness of spiritl; a sober use of meatm, drinkn, physicko, sleepp, labourq, and recreationsr; by charitable thoughtss, lovet, compassionu, meekness, gentleness, kindnessx; peaceabley, mild and courteous speeches and behaviourz; forbearance, readiness to be reconciled, patient bearing and forgiving of injuries, and requiting good for evila; a comforting and succouring the distressed, and protecting and defending the innocentb.


a Eph.5:28,29 b 1 Kings 18:4 c Jer.26:15,16; Acts 23:12,16,17,21,27 d Eph.4:26,27 e 2 Sam.2:22; Deut.22:8 f Matt.4:6,7; Prov.1:10,11,15,16 g 1 Sam.24:12; 1 Sam.26:9-11; Gen.37:21,22 h Ps.82:4; Prov.24:11,12; 1 Sam.14:45 i James 5:7-11; Heb.12:9 k 1 Thess.4:11; 1 Pet.3:3,4; Ps.37~:8-11 l Prov.17:22 m Prov.25:16,27 n 1 Tim.5:23 o Isa.38:21 p Ps.127:2 q Eccl.5:12; 2 Thess.3:10,12; Prov.16:26 r Eccl.3:4 s 1 Sam.19:4,5; 1 Sam.22:13,14 t Rom.13:10 u Luke 10:33,34 x Col.3:12,13 y James 3:17 z 1 Pet.3:8-11; Prov.15:1; Judges 8:1-3 a Matt.5:24; Eph.4:2,32; Rom.12:17,20,21 b 1 Thess.5:14; Job 31:19,20; Matt.25:35,36; Prov.31:8,9



Q. 136. What are the sins forbidden in the sixth commandment?

A. The sins forbidden in the sixth commandment are, all taking away the life of ourselvesa, or of othersb, except in case of publick justicec, lawful ward, or necessary defencee; the neglecting or withdrawing the lawful and necessary means of preservation of lifef; sinful angerg, hatredh, envyi, desire of revengek; all excessive passionsl, distracting caresm; immoderate use of meat, drinkn, labouro, and recreationsp; provoking wordsq, oppressionr, quarrellings, striking, woundingt, and whatsoever else tends to the destruction of the life of anyu.


a Acts 16:28 b Gen.9:6 c Num.35:31,33 d Jer.48:10; Deut 20 e Exod.22:2,3 f Matt.25:42,43; James 2:15,16; Eccl.6:1,2 g Matt.5:22 h 1 John 3:15; Lev. 19:17 i Prov.14:30 k Rom.12:19 l Eph.4:31 m Matt.6:31,34 n Luke 21:34; Rom.13:13 o Eccl.12:12; Eccl.2:22,23 p Isa.5:12 q Prov.15:1; Prov.12:18 r Ezek.18:18; Exod.1:14 s Gal.5:15; Prov.23:29 t Num.35:16-18,21 u Exod.21:18-36



Q. l37. Which is the seventh commandment?

A. The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adulterya.


a Exod.20:14



Q. 138. What are the duties required in the seventh commandment?

A. The duties required in the seventh commandment are, chastity in body, mind, affectionsa, wordsb, and behaviourc; and the preservation of it in ourselves and othersd; watchfulness over the eyes and all the sensese; temperancef, keeping of chaste companyg, modesty in apparelh; marriage by those that have not the gift of continencyi, conjugal lovek, and cohabitationl; diligent labour in our callingsm; shunning all occasions of uncleanness, and resisting temptations thereunton.


a 1 Thess.4:4; Job 31:1; 1 Cor.7:34 b Col.4:6 c 1 Pet.2:3 d 1 Cor.7:2,35,36 e Job 31:1 f Acts 24:24,25 g Prov.2:16-20 h 1 Tim.2:9 i 1 Cor.7:2,9 k Prov.5:19,20 l 1 Pet.3:7 m Prov.31:11,27,28 n Prov.5:8; Gen.39:8-10



Q. 139. What are the sins forbidden in the seventh commandment?

A. The sins forbidden in the seventh commandment, besides the neglect of the duties requireda, are, adultery, fornicationb, rape, incestc, sodomy, and all unnatural lustsd; all unclean imaginations, thoughts, purposes, and affectionse; all corrupt or filthy communications, or listening thereuntof; wanton looksg, impudent or light behaviour, immodest apparelh; prohibiting of lawfuli, and dispensing with unlawful marriagesk; allowing, tolerating, keeping of stews, and resorting to theml; entangling vows of single lifem, undue delay of marriagen; having more wives or husbands than one at the same timeo; unjust divorcep or desertionq; idleness, gluttony, drunkennessr, unchaste companys; lascivious songs, books, pictures, dancings, stage playst; and all other provocations to, or acts of uncleanness, either in ourselves or othersu.


a Prov.5:7 b Heb.13:4; Gal.5:19 c 2 Sam.13:14; 1 Cor.5:1 d Rom.1:24,26,27; Lev.20:15,16 e Matt.5:28; Matt.15:19; Col.3:5 f Eph.5:3,4; Prov.7:5,21,22 g Isa.3:16; 2 Pet.2:14 h Prov.7:10,13 i 1 Tim.4:3 k Lev.18:1-21; Mark 6:18; Mal.2:11,12 l 1 Kings 15:12; 2 Kings 23:7; Deut.23:17,18; Lev.19:29; Jer.5:7; Prov.7:24-27 m Matt.19:10,11 n 1 Cor.7:7-9; Gen.38:26 o Mal.2:14,15; Matt.19:5 p Mal.2:16; Matt.5:32 q 1 Cor.7:12,13 r Ezek.16:49; Prov.23:30-33 s Gen.39:10; Prov.5:8 t Eph.5:4; Ezek.23:14-16; Isa.23:15-17; Isa.3:16; Mark 6:22; Rom.13:13; 1 Pet.4:3 u 2 Kings 9:30 compared with Jer.4:30 and with Ezek 23:40



Q 140. Which is the eighth commandment?

A. The eighth commandment is, Thou shalt not steala.


a Exod.20:15



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