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The Larger Catechism Ė Questions 31-40



Q. 31. With whom was the covenant of grace made?

A. The covenant of grace was made with Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his seeda.


a Gal.3:16; Rom.5:15-21; Isa.53:10,11



Q. 32. How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenant?

A. The grace of God is manifested in the second covenant, in that he freely provideth and offereth to sinners a Mediatora, and life and salvation by himb; and requiring faith as the condition to interest them in himc, promiseth and giveth his Holy Spiritd to all his elect, to work in them that faithe, with all other saving gracesf; and to enable them unto all holy obedienceg, as the evidence of the truth of their faithh and thankfulness to Godi, and as the way which he hath appointed them to salvationk.


a Gen.3:15; Isa.42:6; John 6:27 b 1 John 5:11 ,12 c John 3:16 ; John 1:12 d Prov. 1:23 e 2 Cor.4:13 f Gal.5:22,23 g Ezek.36:27 h James 2:18 ,22 i 2 Cor.5:14,15 k Eph.2:18



Q. 33. Was the covenant of grace always administered after one and the same manner?

A. The covenant of grace was not always administered after the same manner, but the administrations of it under the Old Testament were different from those under the Newa.


a 2 Cor.3:6-9



Q. 34. How was the covenant of grace administered under the Old Testament?

A. The covenant of grace was administered under the Old Testament, by promisesa, propheciesb, sacrificesc, circumcisiond, the passovere, and other types and ordinances, which did all fore-signify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the promised Messiahf, by whom they then had full remission of sin, and eternal salvationg.


a Rom.15:8 b Acts 3:20,24 c Heb.10:1 d Rom.4:11 e 1 Cor.5:7 f Heb.8,9,10; Heb. 11:13 g Gal.3:7-9,14



Q. 35. How is the covenant of grace administered under the New Testament?

A. Under the New Testament, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the same covenant of grace was and still is to be administered in the preaching of the worda, and the administration of the sacraments of baptismb and the Lord's supperc; in which grace and salvation are held forth in more fulness, evidence, and efficacy, to all nationsd.


a Mark 16:15 b Matt.28:19,20 c 1 Cor.11:23-25 d 2 Cor.3:6-18; Heb.8:6,10,11; Matt.28:19



Q. 36. Who is the Mediator of the covenant of grace?

A. The only Mediator of the covenant of grace is the Lord Jesus Christa, who, being the eternal Son of God, of one substance and equal with the Fatherb, in the fulness of time became manc, and so was and continues to be God and man, in two entire distinct natures, and one person, for everd.


a 1 Tim.2:5 b John 1:1,14; John 10:30; Phil.2:6 c Gal.4:4 d Luke 1:35; Rom.9:5; Col.2:9; Heb.7:24,25



Q. 37. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?

A. Christ the Son of God became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soula, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost in the womb of the Virgin Mary, of her substance, and born of herb, yet without sinc.


a John 1:14; Matt.26:38 b Luke 1:27,31,35,42; Gal.4:4 c Heb.4:15; Heb.7:26



Q. 38. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God?

A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be God, that he might sustain and keep the human nature from sinking under the infinite wrath of God, and the power of deatha; give worth and efficacy to his sufferings, obedience, and intercessionb; and to satisfy God's justicec, procure his favourd, purchase a peculiar peoplee, give his Spirit to themf, conquer all their enemiesg, and bring them to everlasting salvationh.


a Acts 2:24,25; Rom.1:4 compared with Rom.4:25; Heb.9:14 b Acts 20:28; Heb.9:14; Heb.7:25-28 c Rom.3:24-26 d Eph.1:6; Matt.3:17 e Tit.2:13,14 f Gal.4:6 g Luke 1:68,69,71,74 h Heb.5:8,9; Heb.9:11-15



Q. 39. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be man?

A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be man, that he might advance our naturea, perform obedience to the lawb, suffer and make intercession for us in our naturec, have a fellow-feeling of our infirmitiesd; that we might receive the adoption of sonse, and have comfort and access with boldness unto the throne of gracef.


a Heb.2:16 b Gal.4:4 c Heb.2:14; Heb.7:24,25 d Heb.4:15 e Gal.4:5 f Heb.4:16



Q. 40. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God and man in one person?

A. It was requisite that the Mediator, who was to reconcile God and man, should himself be both God and man, and this in one person, that the proper works of each nature might be accepted of God for usa, and relied on by us, as the works of the whole personb.


a Matt.1:21,23; Matt.3:17; Heb.9:14 b 1 Pet.3:6



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