- conflict with Apollyon - Valley
of the Shadow of Death - Giants Pope and Pagan
now, in this Valley of Humiliation, poor CHRISTIAN was hard put
to it; for he had gone but a little way, before he espied a foul fiend
coming over the field to meet with him; his name was APOLLYON. Then did
CHRISTIAN begin to be afraid, and to cast in his mind whether to go back or
to stand his ground. But he considered again, that he had no armour for his
back, and therefore thought that to turn the back to him might give him
greater advantage with ease to pierce him with his darts; therefore he
resolved to venture, and stand his ground. For, thought he, had I no more in
mine eye than the saving of my life, it would be the best way to stand.
he went on, and APOLLYON met him. Now the monster was hideous to behold; he
was clothed with scales like a fish (and they are his pride); he had wings
like a dragon; feet like a bear; and out of his belly came fire and smoke;
and his mouth was as the mouth of a lion. When he was come up to CHRISTIAN,
he beheld him with a disdainful countenance, and thus began to question with
Whence come you, and whither are you bound?
I am come from the city of Destruction, which is the place of all evil, and
am going to the City of Zion.
By this I perceive thou art one of my subjects; for all that country is
mine, and I am the prince and god of it. How is it, then, that thou hast run
away from thy king? Were it not that I hope thou mayest do me more service,
I would strike thee now at one blow to the ground.
Chr. I was born indeed in your dominions; but your service was hard,
and your wages such as a man could not live on, for the wages of sin is
all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;" Romans 3:23
when I was come to years, I did as other prudent persons do, look out, if
perhaps I might mend myself.
There is no prince that will thus lightly lose his subjects; neither will I
as yet lose thee. But since thou complainest of thy service and wages, be
content to go back; what our country will afford I do here promise to give
But I have let myself to another, even to the king of princes; and how can I
with fairness go back with thee?
Thou hast done in this according to the proverb, "changed a bad for a
worse"; but it is ordinary for those that have professed themselves his
servants, after awhile to give him the slip, and return again to me: do thou
so too, and all shall be well.
I have given him my faith, and sworn my allegiance to him; how then can I go
back from this, and not be hanged as a traitor?
Thou didst the same to me; and yet I am willing to pass by all, if now thou
wilt yet turn again and go back.
What I promised thee was before I came of age; and besides, I count that the
Prince under whose banner now I stand is able to absolve me; yea, and to
pardon also what I did as to my compliance with thee. And besides, O thou
destroying APOLLYON, to speak truth, I like his service, his wages, his
servants, his government, his company and country, better than thine.
Therefore leave off to persuade me further: I am his servant, and I will
Consider again, when thou art in cold blood, what thou art like to meet with
in the way that thou goest. Thou knowest that for the most part his servants
come to an ill end, because they are transgressors against me and my ways.
How many of them have been put to shameful deaths! and besides, thou
countest his service better than mine, whereas he never came yet from the
place where he is, to deliver any that served him out of our hands; but as
for me, how many times, as all the world very well knows, have I delivered,
either by power or fraud, those that have faithfully served me, from him and
his, though taken by them – and so I will deliver thee!
His forbearing at present to deliver them, is on purpose to try their love,
whether they will cleave to him to the end; and as for the ill end thou
sayest they come to, that is most glorious in their account. For, for
present deliverance, they do not much expect it; for they stay for their
glory, and then they shall have it, when their Prince comes in his, and the
glory of the angels.
Thou hast already been unfaithful in thy service to him; and how dost thou
think to receive wages of him?
Wherein, O APOLLYON, have I been unfaithful to him?
Thou didst faint at first setting out, when thou wast almost choked in the
Gulf of Despond; thou didst attempt wrong ways to be rid of thy burden,
whereas thou shouldst have stayed till thy Prince had taken it off; thou
didst sinfully sleep and lose thy choice thing; thou wast also almost
persuaded to go back at the sight of the lions; and when thou talkest of thy
journey, and of what thou hast heard and seen, thou art inwardly desirous of
vain-glory in all that thou sayest or doest.
All this is true; and much more which thou hast left out: but the Prince
whom I serve and honour is merciful and ready to forgive. But besides, these
infirmities possessed me in thy country; for there I sucked them in, and I
have groaned under them, been sorry for them, and have obtained pardon of my
Then APOLLYON broke out into a grievous rage, saying, "I am an enemy to
this Prince: I hate his person, his laws, and people: I am come out on
purpose to withstand thee."
Chr. APOLLYON, beware what you do; for I am in the King's highway,
the way of holiness: therefore take heed to yourself!
Then APOLLYON straddled quite over the whole breadth of the way, and said,
"I am void of fear in this matter: prepare thyself to die! for I swear
by my infernal den that thou shalt go no farther; here will I spill thy
soul." And with that he threw a flaming dart at his breast; but
CHRISTIAN had a shield in his hand, with which he caught it, and so
prevented the danger of that. Then did CHRISTIAN draw, for he saw 't was
time to bestir him; and APOLLYON as fast made at him, throwing darts as
thick as hail; by the which, notwithstanding all that CHRISTIAN could do to
avoid it, APOLLYON wounded him in his head, his hand, and foot. This made
CHRISTIAN give a little back; APOLLYON therefore followed his work
furiously, and CHRISTIAN again took courage, and resisted as manfully as he
could. This sore combat lasted for above half a day, even till CHRISTIAN was
almost quite spent. For you must know that CHRISTIAN, by reason of his
wounds, grew weaker and weaker.
APOLLYON, espying his opportunity, began to gather up close to CHRISTIAN,
and wrestling with him, gave him a dreadful fall: and with that, CHRISTIAN'S
sword flew out of his hand.
said APOLLYON, "I am sure of thee now"; and with that he had
almost pressed him to death, so that CHRISTIAN began to despair of life. But
as God would have it, while APOLLYON was fetching his last blow, thereby to
make a full end of this good man, CHRISTIAN nimbly reached out his hand for
his sword, and caught it, saying, "Rejoice not against me, O mine
enemy; when I fall, I shall arise";
not against me, O mine enemy: when I fall, I shall arise; when I sit in
darkness, the LORD shall be a light unto me." Micah 7:8
with that, gave him a deadly thrust, which made him give back, as one that
had received his mortal wound. CHRISTIAN perceiving that, made at him again,
saying, "Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors, through
him that loved us".
in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved
us." Romans 8:37
with that, APOLLYON spread forth his dragon's wings, and sped him away,
yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from
you." James 4:7
CHRISTIAN for a season saw him no more.
this combat no man can imagine, unless he had seen and heard as I did, what
yelling and hideous roaring APOLLYON made all the time of the fight – he
spake like a dragon; and, on the other side, what sighs and groans burst
from CHRISTIAN'S heart. I never saw him all the while give so much as one
pleasant look, till he perceived he had wounded APOLLYON with his two edged
sword, then, indeed, he did smile, and look upward; but 'twas the
dreadfullest sight that ever I saw!
when the battle was over, CHRISTIAN said, "I will here give thanks to
him that hath delivered me out of the mouth of the lion, to him that did
help me against APOLLYON"; and so he did, saying:
Beelzebub, the captain of this fiend,
Designed my ruin; therefore to this end
He sent him harnessed out, and he with rage
That hellish was, did fiercely me engage.
But blessed Michael helped me, and I,
By dint of sword did quickly make him fly:
Therefore to him let me give lasting praise
And thanks, and bless his holy name always!"
there came to him a hand, with some of the leaves of the tree of life; the
which CHRISTIAN took, and applied to the wounds that he had received in the
battle, and was healed immediately. He also sat down in that place to eat
bread, and to drink of the bottle that was given him a little before. So
being refreshed, he addressed himself to his journey, with his sword drawn
in his hand; for he said, "I know not but some other enemy may be at
hand." But he met with no other affront from APOLLYON quite through
Pilgrim's Progress - Valley of the Shadow of Death - Giants Pope and Pagan
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