his burden at the Cross - Simple, Sloth, Presumption, Formalist,
Hypocrisy - hill Difficulty
- the Arbour - misses his roll
- the palace Beautiful -
the lions - talk with Discretion, Piety, Prudence, and Charity - wonders
shown to Christian
SLOTH AND PRESUMPTION
then in my dream that he went on thus even until he came at the
bottom, where he saw, a little out of the way, three men fast asleep, with
fetters upon their heels. The name of the one was SIMPLE, another SLOTH, and
the third PRESUMPTION.
then seeing them lie in this case, went to them, if peradventure he might
awake them, and cried, "You are like them that sleep on the top of a
mast, for the Dead Sea is under you, a gulf that hath no bottom.
thou shalt be as he that lieth down in the midst of the sea, or as he that
lieth upon the top of a mast." Proverbs 23:34
therefore, and come away; be willing also, and I will help you off with your
irons." He also told them, "If he that goes about like a roaring
lion comes by, you will certainly become a prey to his teeth".
sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion,
walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:" 1 Peter 5:8
that they looked upon him, and began to reply in this sort:
said, "I see no danger."
said, "Yet a little more sleep."
Presumption said, "Every vat must stand upon its own
so they lay down to sleep again; and CHRISTIAN went on his way.
was he troubled to think, that men in that danger should so
little esteem the kindness of him that so freely offered to help them: both
by awakening of them, counselling of them, and proffering to help them off
with their irons. And as he was troubled thereabout, he espied two men come
tumbling over the wall, on the left hand of the narrow way, and they made up
apace to him. The name of the one was FORMALIST, and the name of the other
HYPOCRISY. So, as I said, they drew up unto him, who thus entered with them
Gentlemen, whence came you, and whither do you go?
and Hypocrisy. We were born in the land of Vain-glory, and are going for
praise to Mount Zion.
Why came you not in at the gate which stands at the beginning of the way?
Know you not that it is written, that "he that enters not in by the
door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber?"
verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold,
but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber." John
and Hyp. They said, that to go to the gate for entrance was by all their
countrymen counted too far about; and that therefore their usual way was to
make a short cut of it, and to climb over the wall as they had done.
But will it not be counted a trespass against the Lord of the city whither
we are bound, thus to violate his revealed will?
and Hyp. They told him that, as for that, he needed not to trouble his
head thereabout; for what they did they had custom for, and could produce,
if need were, testimony that would witness it, for more than a thousand
"But," said CHRISTIAN, "will your practice stand a trial at
and Hyp. They told him, that custom, it being of so long a standing as
above a thousand years, would doubtless now be admitted as a thing legal by
any impartial judge. And besides, said they, so be we get into the way,
what's matter which way we get in? If we are in, we are in: thou art but in
the way, who, as we perceive, came in at the gate; and we are also in the
way, that came tumbling over the wall. Wherein now is thy condition better
I walk by the rule of my Master; you walk by the rude working of your
fancies. You are counted thieves already by the Lord of the way, therefore I
doubt you will not be found true men at the end of the way. You come in by
yourselves without his direction, and shall go by yourselves without his
this they made but little answer, only they bid him look to himself. Then I
saw that they went on every man in his way, without much conference one with
another, save that these two men told CHRISTIAN, that as to laws and
ordinances, they doubted not but they should as conscientiously do them as
he. "Therefore," said they, "we see not wherein thou
differest from us, but by the coat that is on thy back; which was, as we
think, given thee by some of thy neighbours to hide the shame of thy
By laws and ordinances you will not be saved, since you came not in by the
that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of
Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be
justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by
the works of the law shall no flesh be justified." Galatians 2:16
as for this coat that is on my back, it was given me by the Lord of the
place whither I go; and that, as you say, to cover my nakedness with. And I
take it as a token of his kindness to me, for I had nothing but rags before.
And besides, thus I comfort myself as I go: Surely, think I, when I come to
the gate of the city, the Lord thereof will know me for good, since I have
his coat on my back, a coat that he gave me freely in the day that he
stripped me of my rags. I have, moreover, a mark in my forehead, of which,
perhaps, you have taken no notice, which one of my Lord's most intimate
associates fixed there in the day that my burden fell off my shoulders. I
will tell you, moreover, that I had then given me a roll sealed, to comfort
me by reading as I go in the way; I was also bidden to give it in at the
Celestial Gate, in token of my certain going in after it: all which things I
doubt you want, and want them because you came not in at the gate.
these things they gave him no answer, only they looked upon each other and
laughed. Then I saw that they all went on, save that CHRISTIAN kept before,
who had no more talk but with himself, and that sometimes sighingly, and
sometimes comfortably; also he would be often reading in the roll that one
of the shining ones gave him, by which he was refreshed.
Pilgrim's Progress - The Hill Difficulty
Pilgrim's Progress - Contents