Q. 31. What is effectual calling? A. Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit,(1) whereby, convincing
us of our sin and misery,(2) enlightening our minds in the knowledge of
Christ,(3) and renewing our wills,(4) he doth persuade and enable us to
embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the gospel.(5)
(1) II Tim. 1:9; II Thess. 2:13-14.
(2) Acts .
(3) Acts 26:18.
(4) Ezek. 36:26-27.
(5) John 6:44-45; Phil. 2:13.
Q. 32. What benefits do they that are
effectually called partake of in this life?
A. They that are effectually called do in this life partake of
justification,(1) adoption,(2) and sanctification, and the several benefits
which in this life do either accompany or flow from them.(3)
(1) Rom. 8:30.
(2) Eph. 1:5.
(3) I Cor. 1:26, 30.
Q. 33. What is justification?
A. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our
sins,(1) and accepteth us as righteous in his sight,(2) only for the
righteousness of Christ imputed to us,(3) and received by faith alone.(4)
Q. 34. What is adoption?
A. Adoption is an act of God's free grace,(1) whereby we are received into the
number, and have a right to all the privileges of the Sons of God.(2)
(1) I John 3:1.
(2) John ; Rom. .
Q. 35. What is sanctification?
A. Sanctification is the work of God's free grace,(1) whereby we are renewed
in the whole man after the image of God,(2) and are enabled more and more to
die unto sin, and live unto righteousness.(3)
Q. 36. What are the benefits which in
this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and
A. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification,
adoption, and sanctification, are, assurance of God's love, peace of
conscience,(1) joy in the Holy Ghost,(2) increase of grace,(3) and
perseverance therein to the end.(4)
(1) Rom. 5:1-2, 5.
(2) Rom. .
(3) Prov. 4:18.
(4) I John 5:13; I Pet. 1:5.
Q. 37. What benefits do believers
receive from Christ at death?
A. The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness,(1) and
do immediately pass into glory;(2) and their bodies, being still united to
Christ,(3) do rest in their graves(4) till the resurrection.(5)
(1) Heb. 12:23.
(2) II Cor. 5:1, 6, 8; Phil. 1:23; Luke 23:43.
(3) I Thess. 4:14.
(4) Isa. 57:2.
(5) Job -27.
Q. 38. What benefits do believers
receive from Christ at the resurrection?
A. At the resurrection, believers being raised up in glory,(1) shall be openly
acknowledged and acquitted in the day of judgment,(2) and made perfectly
blessed in the full enjoying of God(3) to all eternity.(4)
(1) I Cor. 15:43.
(2) Matt. 25:23; .
(3) I John 3:2; I Cor. 13:12.
(4) I Thess. 4:17-18.
Q. 39. What is the duty which God
requireth of man? A. The duty which God requireth of man, is obedience to his revealed
(1) Micah 6:8; I Sam. .
Q. 40. What did God at first reveal to
man for the rule of his obedience? A. The rule which God at first revealed to man for his obedience, was the